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Your First Horses

Learning about your first horses in the game. Should the player be encouraged to only create horses at this point or should there be a basic buying guide here? Or maybe this article could stick to creating and evaluating untested horses and a basic buying/selling guide could be added elsewhere in the Getting Started category? (working title. Maybe it should be "Creates: Your First Horses"?)

Using the Create a Horse Page

Every horse that exists in the game was created by players, and you can create a horse any time you like on the create a horse page!

The Create a Horse Form

    (screenshot of regular create a horse form, not herd helper form.)

This form allows you to add customized horses to the game. Color genetics, breeding ability, and showing ability are completely random within the range possible for new creates, unless you’re using a herd helper. (Link to creatable colors list.)

    name, gender, height, size, (link to about different sizes of horses) age (link to calendar page that could include info on important ages for horses, i.e. when they can start training, when they can breed, when they can be auctioned for lifetime payout, when they could die, when they can no longer breed.)

Your Daily Herd Helper

    What Are Herd Helpers?

        How to reroll and activate. About how many HHs there are, the ranks, deciding whether to activate, etc. Creating HH creates is just like creating regular creates, only they will be ensured to have certain qualities defined by the HH.

   What to Do When You Run Out of Creates?

The lower the rank the LESS rare the color or, color combination, or ability. Most daily herd helpers are Ranks 1,2, and 3.

       Share your HH to earn more! HH shares, sharing and clicking on other player's shares.

You may notice your HH horses have something called a somatic tattoo. This "labels" the horse as having been created using the particular HH and is searchable on the search horses page (link). But HH tattoos are not the only somatic tattoos in the game. Later, you can also create and apply your own tattoos to horses! (Learn more, link.)

Your Horse Creation Allowance (250 per day)

Special Create Events

    Blackout, appy hour, sea pony/candy (link to GMT page), sabino 1, DP, gray, champagne, etc.

Mention the lottery?

Upcoming Herd Helper Special Events section. Special herd helper shares scheduled over the next 60 days. Be sure to log in to activate them or you'll miss out!

Copied from the HAJ FAQ page: 

What is a Daily Herd Helper?
Every day you'll be given a Herd Helper (HH) on the Create A Horse page that you can activate to help you get special colors or abilities. (See the Herd Helpers section for more detailed information)

A full list of herd helpers can be viewed on your member home page, under Account and Stable Management. Look for the link that reads "My Herd Helper Collection".

What is up with this crazy colored horse? It's a Candy horse!

Herd Helpers

Pointed Creates: What Are They?

outline:

    What are points? If a create has more points, does that mean it’s a better horse?

    Your Daily Showing Bonus (should this be its own page?)  - This needs to be mentioned here, because it's strongly featured on the create page, but needs to also link to where we discuss this in the showing section. ~Follies

    Selling Pointed Creates - this might need to link to the buy/sell information ~Follies

        Lifetime Payout

    Pointed Creates Cap

Your Horse's Page

Concept: A tour of the tabs, information, and options found on a horse's page. Opportunity to link to other pages throughout the wiki that cover these topics in more detail.

outline:

    Horse Info

        Screenshot and rundown of information w/ links to relevant pages: eras, breeder’s clubs, your daily showing bonus, etc.

    Family

        Pedigree and offspring (link to foundation and lined horses page?) Image examples of pedigrees for lined horses. A note that pedigrees with too many antecedents will simply freeze.

1G Pedigree.jpg

2G Pedigree.png

3G Pedigree.png

full ped.jpg

   

Records

        About show records, link to page about how to read show results

        Damages, what do they mean?

        Sales record

    Control Panel

        Rename, sell, breed, move, edit notes, auction, sell back to game (link to page?), etc.

    Tack

        Basic explanation, link to page about tack

Testing Your Horses

(Copied over from breeding section: should stick to simple explanations of what the tests are measuring, what that means for your horses, and link to more information.)

Concept: Keep the upgraded testing features brief. Just simple explanations and link to a more advanced testing page that talks about strategy of improving your lines in Building Your Stable.

Outline:

    Breeding Advice

        Strict Breeding Advice (link to upgrade page)

    Breeding Inspection (link to upgrade page?)

    Performance Testing

    Genetic Testing (link test)

    Comparison Testing

    “No Testing” Setting

        Wait, didn’t you say always test a horse before breeding it? Why would you want this? (link to bootstrapping page)

How do I know if my horses are any good?

Testing 101

How Does Testing Help?

Exceptions to the testing guidelines

Available Tests

How to Read Genetic Testing Results

So you've gene tested your horse and gotten the results, but what do they mean? The color name — also called phenotype — makes sense, but what about that string of letters? That's your horse's genotype, the actual genetic code for the coat color of your horse, and here we're going to break it all down and explain how to read it.

GeneticTestingResults.jpg

This is one of the most complex genotypes that can be created in the game. If you’re just starting out, I’m sure it looks pretty confusing, but by the end of this tutorial, every part of it will make perfect sense. You may eventually find you get a quicker mental picture of the genetics of your horse by looking at the genotype rather than the phenotype. So let’s get started and break it all down.

The Base Coat

Extension & Agouti

Extention&Agouti.jpg

All horses have these four letters in their genotypes and they are the base of every other possible horse color. So let's zoom in for a moment on these.

E represents Extension, which is responsible for giving your horse black pigment. All black horses have an uppercase E in their genotype, and only one uppercase E is required for your horse to have black pigment. If your horse has two lowercase e's, it will have no black pigment and its base coat will be entirely red pigment — most likely chestnut if no other genetic factors are at work. Since black pigment is darker than red, when it is present at all, it completely masks the red pigment "beneath."

Uppercase E gives your horse black pigment.

A represents Agouti, which restricts the amount of black pigment expressed on your horse's coat. Agouti works by removing black pigment from the base coat, showing the red beneath. An uppercase A removes some black pigment from your horse's body, making it a bay (red with black points). An upcoming game update to Agouti will make a second A remove even more black pigment than a single A. All bay horses have an uppercase A in their genotype. If the bay horse had two lowercase a's instead, it would be a black horse. Agouti has no effect on chestnut horses, since chestnut horses have no black pigment to be affected.

Uppercase A restricts the expression of black pigment, if present.

baseCoats.jpg

Horses with E, whether or not they have A, are known as “black based.” Horses that are e/e are known as “red based.” Almost all other genes will work by causing some modifying effect on red or black or both types of pigment. When a horse has both an uppercase and lowercase letter, it makes no difference to the phenotype which comes first. A/a will look the same as a/A. The only thing to keep in mind about the order that the first letter was inherited from the sire and the second was inherited from the dam.

If you see an A* in your horse's genotype, treat it as though it were A. It will soon be removed as part of an ongoing update to Agouti to make it better represent the most up-to-date scientific research on horse color genetics.

But what does it really mean for a letter to be uppercase or lowercase? A lowercase letter doesn't necessarily mean that your horse doesn't have the gene, it indicates allele dominance. So, before we go further into the rest of the letters in the genotype above, let’s take a moment to explain some basic genetics terms.

Dominant & Recessive Alleles: A Brief Explanation

Genes & Alleles

Each pair of letters in a horse’s genotype represents a gene and each letter within each pair represents an allele for that gene. An allele is a version of the gene, i.e. Extension is the gene and E and e are the two versions (alleles) it can come in. Some genes have more than two possible alleles, but only two can be carried by any individual horse, one inherited from the sire and one from the dam.

Dominant & Recessive

If the letter that represents an allele is uppercase, it means that the allele is dominant. If the letter is lowercase, it means that the allele is recessive. Dominant alleles will overpower recessive alleles and will show even if only one copy is present, i.e. E/e will still make a horse black, even though a lowercase e is present. This means that a horse can “carry for” a recessive allele without showing it, and must be gene tested before you can be sure that they have it. Recessive alleles require two copies to show because if a more dominant allele were present, it would overpower the recessive allele, i.e. chestnut horses must be e/e.

Homozygous & Heterozygous

In other words, recessive alleles must be homozygous to show on your horse’s coat. A horse that has two of the same allele for a particular gene is homozygous (sometimes abbreviated hom) for that gene. If the two alleles are different, the horse is heterozygous (sometimes abbreviated het) for that gene. A and E are both dominant, so will show in the heterozygous state. The alleles a and e are both recessive, so will show only in the homozygous state. This is also important because some genes will express differently when they are heterozygous. This is called incomplete dominance and will be explained further down.

The Genes

Below is a complete list of genes and their alleles (beyond Extension and Agouti) that can be found on regular created horses. Not all of these genes will change the horse's color name if that coat color doesn't have a specific name, but they can still create varied and unique looks.

Pigment Modifiers

These are genes that modify the pigments of the base coats we've already mentioned. They can restrict, dilute, or darken existing pigments. Some only affect red pigment, some only affect black pigment, and some will affect both. Some genes will only show on the horse's coat when certain other genes are present. We'll get into all of this as we break it down and talk about each gene.

Agouti Promoter

agoutiPromoterGeneTestResult.jpg

When A is present on black-based horses, agouti promoter restricts the expression of black pigment even further, turning bay horses into "wild bay." It is dominant and will show even if only one copy is present. Two copies does not result in further black pigment restriction. Wild bay is still called “bay” by color name on your horse’s page.